Basic Shooting - Camera modes

For most of us in this class, we'll be using what I consider to be the most practical and versitile camera settings for most of the projects in the class. One of these settings is what we'll call "Aperture Priority Mode". 

Due to the fact that there are considerably more possible shutter speeds than there are apertures in any camera, it means that it is generally more practical for the camera to be set to "Aperture Priority" mode . In this mode, the camera automatically determines the best exposure settings by choosing among many possible shutter speeds for the given aperture setting.

We will also be using flash sparingly at first becuase for many of us with compact cameras, the effect of the flash will not only be something which we cannot really adjust, but it often is not the most appealing result.

  1. Avoid using the "green square" (canon), or the "green AUTO" (nikon) because this automatic setting will block you from making many of the creative choices that we'll be learning about in this class.
  2. I suggest that you put your camera on the A, Av, or P setting to avoid the camera robbing you of control


Low light situations

I suggest turning off the flash for most images becuase it often creates a more appealing, natural effect.  However, sometimes you will find yourself in situations where you do not have a enough light to make a good image.

  1. For dark situations you may need to change your F number to the smallest number. This means opening your aperture to the largest opening to let in the most light.
  2. Watch that your shutter speed does not go below 60 (1/60th second) or your photo may be blurry due to camera movement.
  3. Another recourse for low light situations, is to increase the ISO number and therefore the sensitivity of the sensor to the light in your situation.  At a higher ISO, your camera will need less light to get the correct exposure because the sensor signal will be amplified.
  4. If you must turn on your flash, an external flash can give some creative options to bounce the flash off ceilings or walls to get a more natural, softer light quality.